This last trimester of math can be summed up in two words: problem solving!! Students are solving many story problems and are learning the difference between addition and subtraction. Students are also learning that addition and subtraction work together. They are beginning to understand if I know 2+3=5, then I also know 5-2=3. They are also learning that the equal sign means 'the same as'. They have learned that number sentences can be written in various ways, such as 6=3+3 and 3+3=6. They have learned a lot of these through number bonds, which you have seen in the homework. They have also been very flexible with their number sentences during our number talks (see picture below).
Students are also learning problem solving strategies. We have made an anchor chart of various things we can do to solve problems. Some of our strategies include: counting on/down, using a hundred's chart, using ten frames, using fingers, using base-10 blocks, drawing a picture, and acting it out. Although all of these strategies can work, we have talked about using more efficient strategies. For example, with larger numbers, drawing a picture is not the most efficient. In addition, students continue to find efficient ways to count large collections of items. Making groups of 10 is one efficient way of counting.
Through problem solving and counting, students are truly developing an understanding of how numbers work together. In essence, they are developing a strong sense of numbers. We are also working to fluently solve addition and subtraction problems within 5. These facts should be automatic by the end of the year. To practice this, students are doing math sprints to gain speed and confidence.
Here are a few things you can do at home to help support what we are learning at school:
have students solve simple story problems (adding and subtracting)
review addition and subtraction facts under 5 (2+3=5, 2+1=3, 5-1=4...)
count by 1's, 5's, 10's to 100 and count by 2's to 20
find the missing number (2+ ____ =5, 3- ____ = 2, 2+____=4, etc.)
Students have been learning more accuracy strategies to help them read words correctly. So far, we have learned to:
find the first part and look through the whole word
cross-check ("Does it look right, sound right, and make sense?")
flip the vowel sound (try different vowel sounds to make it correct)
get your mouth ready to say the first sound
check the picture
Students have also learned the importance or retelling a story. They are becoming more familiar with story element vocabulary (characters, setting, plot, problem, and solution). I feel like my students have grown a lot in the area of comprehension since the start of the year. In addition, they have learned to think beyond the text. They make connections to stories as they read. They can relate to the stories and characters. This, to me, is the most important aspect of comprehension. Students are constantly telling me, "This book reminds me of..." They also love making predictions before and throughout reading books.
Another aspect of reading that we have really focused on has been vowel sounds. Students have been learning about short and long vowel sounds. I would say that most of my students are able to read most simple CVC words (consonant, vowel, consonant words such as hat, hen, pot, etc.). They have learned that readers have to be flexible with vowels, and that sometimes, you might have to try a different sound if one vowel sound doesn't make sense.
My students have learned fluency strategies such as go back and reread to make your reading sound like talking. They have also learned that being a voracious reader will help with fluency. I have noticed a renewed sense of passion and excitement about reading since we began talking about voracious reading. Students have begun to discover that they can read books off most book shelves and read lots of the words. That's a very exciting time for students.
My students have truly become authors!!! I'm sure many of you will be able to tell after reading through their books from 2nd trimester that they have become such wonderful writers. The personal narratives they wrote at the end of 2nd trimester were phenomenal. I would argue that many of their books were better than many of my first grade students' books in the past. We have focused a lot on these stories having a solid beginning, middle, and end. To help tell our stories, students have learned the importance of using sequence words: first, then, next, last, etc. They have also learned the importance of adding extra details in their stories to help the reader picture exactly what happened. Throughout the month of May (the last month of school), students will once again focus on writing personal narratives.
Before writing personal narratives at the end of the year, students are going to learn about opinion writing and will write their opinions in various ways. Students will learn that people write their opinions to try to solve problems in the world. Students will also learn there are ways in which we share our opinions through different modes of writing: a sign/poster, a book, or a letter. Over the next few weeks, we will focus our attention on writing posters and letters. Students will write persuasive signs and letters with the purpose of convincing others to try to change. Some letters may come home within the next few weeks. These letters will most likely be darling. Most of the problems that have been written in the past are fairly trivial, involving little brothers or sisters or asking for new toys. These are quite simply the problems they see in their world, which is pretty sweet. I love that their biggest problems involve their brother or sister taking their toys! It means they have pretty amazing lives!
They will also learn why sharing opinions is so effective. Ultimately, the goal of sharing opinions with others is to try to convince other people to change their ways or their beliefs. Students will write several opinion pieces through this trimester. Once we have written lots of letters and posters, we will then shift our focus to writing opinion books. One will be shared with you at conferences in April. You might also see some of our signs/posters in the hallway and classroom as well.
With both the opinion and the personal narrative units, we are focusing on writing conventions. We will continue to work on editing our work so that each sentence begins with a capital and ends with a period. We will also work to include capital/lowercase letters in appropriate places. We will also work on spelling sight words correctly.
One of my students' favorite things about writing is publishing a writing piece to share with Mrs. Hahn's class. We have done this at the end of each of our writing units. Here are some pictures and videos from the end of our How-To unit and our Personal Narrative Unit.
We have been learning about weather in science. Students have learned to be weather watchers and have noticed that weather is constantly changing. Students have recognized that weather affects the things we do and the things we wear. They have also realized that the four seasons have typical weather patterns that happen within each season. We will continue to notice weather throughout the rest of the year by keeping track of the weather in our weather journals. These will come home at the end of the year.
Students will also learning from our Flat Stanley project that different types of weather are more prominent in certain areas of the country and world. Students will learn that in some parts of the country, it is warm all year long. In other parts of the country, it is rainy for a lot of the year. We will also learn that some parts of the country (like Iowa) experience all 4 seasons.
For our next unit in science, students will learn about the needs of plants and animals. In addition, students will learn about habitats and how plants and animals work together to provide for each other in their habitats.